no 
more 
breast 
cancer 

Tackling an
environmental disease


 HEA, UNISON, Co-operative bank and Scottish breast cancer campaign logos
Primary prevention is the answer

No More Breast Cancer - references

 

The No More Breast Cancer campaign believes that many cases of breast cancer are linked to cancer-causing agents in the environment and in our bodies.

NMBC believes that lifelong, low-level exposure to the cocktail of toxins and hormone disruptors both at home and at work is linked to the ever-rising rates of breast cancer.

Facts about breast cancer

Latest government figures [5] indicate that the incidence of breast cancer in the UK has risen 80 per cent in the past 30 years. [6]
Fewer than 50 per cent of cases can be attributed to the 'officially recognised' risk factors understood to increase a woman's susceptibility to breast cancer [12] – e.g. late onset of menopause, body weight, diet or late-age pregnancy.

What of the other 50 per cent? A substantial number of animal, human, laboratory and field studies carried out over the past seven decades [13] provide significant evidence that man-made environmental agents play a part in human diseases such as breast cancer. We believe it’s time for the government, industry and the cancer establishment as a whole to address the environmental risk factors for this disease.

About the No More Breast Cancer campaign

While there are, rightly, considerable resources dedicated to screening and treatment, there is very little attention or funding given to the ‘environmental’ part of the breast-cancer jigsaw puzzle.

The No More Breast Cancer campaign calls for:

Download the full or summary version of our report, Breast cancer: an environmental disease (around 1mb each) or see our brief summary of shocking statistics on breast cancer.

 

  1. Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution, 24th Report, Chemicals in products – safeguarding the environment and health, page 62, June 2003 www.rcep.org.uk
  2. European Commission, Communication From The Commission To The Council And The European Parliament on the implementation of the Community Strategy for Endocrine Disrupters - a range of substances suspected of interfering with the hormone systems of humans and wildlife, COM (2001) 262, last update: 06/14/2006 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/docum/01262_en.htm accessed 4th October 2006; Newby, J A and Howard, C V, Environmental influences in cancer aetiology, Journal of Nutritional & Environmental Medicine, Vol 15, 2-3, pages 56-114, 2005; The Prague Declaration on Endocrine Disruption www.edenresearch.info/declaration.html accessed 5th October 2006.
  3. Environmental Working Group, BodyBurden, the pollution in newborns, a benchmark investigation of industrial chemicals, pollutants and pesticides in umbilical cord blood, July 2005; Environmental Working Group, Across generations: mothers and daughters, May 2006, www.ewg.org; United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Third National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, July 2005 [tested for 148 chemicals in blood and urine].
  4. Ibid; Pesticide Action Network UK, The List of Lists, page 5, Pesticides and cancer [lists compiled from data of US Environmental Protection Agency Office of Pesticide Programs List of Chemicals Evaluated for Carcinogenic Potential; European Union/Commission; International Agency for Research on Cancer, Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, last update July 2004].
  5. Office for National Statistics, Cancer Trends in England and Wales 1950-1999, Cancer Trends Updates www.statistics.gov.uk/statbase/Product.asp?vlnk=4822 accessed 5th October 2006.
  6. Ibid.
  7. Cancer Research UK website info.cancerresearchuk.org/cancerstats/types/breast/incidence/ accessed 17th October 2006.
  8. Ref Cancer Research UK website info.cancerresearchuk.org:8000/cancerstats/types/breast/incidence/ accessed 17th October 2006.
  9. Cancer Research UK, UK breast cancer statistics info.cancerresearchuk.org/cancerstats/types/breast/ accessed 4th October 2006.
  10. Cancer Research UK website: www.cancerhelp.org.uk/help/default.asp?page=3270 accessed 17th October 2006.
  11. Cancer Research UK website: info.cancerresearchuk.org:8000/cancerstats/types/breast/mortality/
  12. Madigan et al., Proportion of Breast Cancer Cases in the United States Explained by Well-Established Risk Factors Journal of the National Cancer Institute vol. 87, pp. 1681-1685, 1987; Rockhill et al., Population Attributable Fraction Estimation for Established Breast Cancer Risk Factors: Considering the Issues of High Prevalence and Unmodifiability, American Journal of Epidemiology., vol. 147, pp. 826-833, 1998; Lichtenstein, Paul, et al, Environmental and heritable factors in the causation of cancer: analyses of cohorts of twins from Sweden, Denmark, and Finland, New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 343, pp. 78-85, July 13, 2000.
  13. International Agency for Research on Cancer, IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Preamble/currenta1background0706.php accessed 4th October 2006; Extension Toxicology Network (EXTOXNET), Toxicology Information Briefs, A Pesticide Information Project of Cooperative Extension Offices of Cornell University, Oregon State University, the University of Idaho, and the University of California at Davis and the Institute for Environmental Toxicology, Michigan State University, Risk Assessment Background, revised September 1993; Cornell University, Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors, envirocancer.cornell.edu

 
 

contact us | about us | a campaign of Breast Cancer UK reg. charity number: 1138866 in England & Wales; reg. company number: 7348408|
Reg. address: Breast Cancer UK Ltd, Solva, Southwick Road, Denmead, Waterlooville, Hants. PO7 6LA UK | last updated: 17/10/2006